# Factorials

If I said “3!“, would you think the 3 is really excited, or that you have to shout the number?

In fact, it’s a mathematical operation called factorials, and boy are they fun! They may seem complicated at first, but they’re really a very basic concept. The exclamation point behind a number means that you multiply that number by each successively lower number, in order, until you get to one.

So 3! would be 3 x 2 x 1 = 6.

Take a look at the video for an explanation of how factorials work and how they can be used.

# Probability

In math, probability is how likely it is that something will occur (or not). Probability is expressed from a range from 0 to 1. A probability of zero means that a thing will definitely not happen – it’s impossible. But a probability of one means that it definitely will happen – it’s certain. Any number larger than 0, but smaller than 1 means that a thing might happen. The number 1/2, or one half, is right in the middle and it means there is a 50/50 chance. Do you think there’s a greater chance for a person to get struck by lightning, or to be hit by a meteorite?