Scalars and Vectors
We can describe how something moves with words, numbers, graphs, charts, or equations. To do that, we need to measure things with rulers and stopwatches. If I asked you how fast your car goes on the freeway, you could say fast or you could also say 55 mph. That 55 mph is a quantitative number that describes the motion of your car. The car travels 55 miles every hour. It’s also a scalar quantity, since you only mentioned the magnitude (how fast the car is going) and not it’s direction. A vector quantity is when you’d say 55 mph southeast. Vectors include a number and a direction. Scalars deal only with numbers.